Toad Biology

The Cane Toad has two poison glands located behind the eyes. These glands secrete a noxious substance known as bufo toxin.This is one of the reasons that it's highly recommended to wash your hands after handling a cane toad.

Symptoms of Cane Toad poisoning include: rapid heart beat, vomiting, excessive salivation, convulsions, paralysis and can even result in death.

Australia has no native Toads, although there are frogs that at first glance may look a little toad like* so it pays to know your frogs. Still, on close examination it is impossible to mistake an adult Cane Toad for anything else. They have rough skin and no webbing between the front toes. They are also larger than any native frog achieving a maximum length of around 20cm. Although they are usually smaller than this.

Cane Toads mate in temporary or permanent pools of water and will lay their eggs in a string towards or at the bottom of the pool. Their mating call is quite distinct and has been compared to the sound of a small petrol engine but is a medium pitched warble heard in the evenings. Their tadpoles are black in colour and have thickset bodies with short tails. Young Toads are greyish and have rusty colouration on the tips of their "warts". Their underside is a mottled grey.

*Marsh Frogs
*Tableland Toadlet
*Eastern Snapping Frog

We will be adding pictures of these frogs soon.